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MRI of the pelvic organs in women | Health
Every woman in her life has experienced pain in the pelvis and lower abdomen. Most often, it occurs in the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or vagina. The causes of pain can be harmless, for example quiromassage due to menstruation, or signal a serious illness (endometriosis, rupture of the tube during an ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cyst, or other formations and inflammation of the pelvic organs).
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If the pain is not felt in the reproductive organs, then there may be infections of the urinary tract (UTI), intestinal obstruction, colitis, swelling, appendicitis, etc. In any case, you should never take pain medication and let it go by itself. For any pain, it is better to immediately consult a doctor, since any disease can be easily treated, provided that it has been identified in the early stages.
What is CT and MRI?
For diagnosis in modern medical centers of St. Petersburg, there are a number of methods that allow you to explore the function of the internal structures of the body, while receiving a high-quality image of the organ under investigation. Such studies include methods of computer and magnetic resonance imaging. You can sign up for any of them, not far from your home, on the official site of the “Unified Recording Center”. This is very convenient, because you can choose a procedure at the lowest cost and at the same time do not stand in long lines.
Tomography is based on imaging organs and bones as a result of exposure to a certain type of radiation. With computed tomography (CT) – this role is played by x-rays, with magnetic resonance (MRI) magnetic radiation. During the study, irradiation passes through tissues and organs over the counter plus muscle castellbisbal, a lot of pictures are obtained at different angles, then the intelligent system of the device creates a three-dimensional image.
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CT allows you to see the size of organs and bones, to identify the displacement of internal organs and the presence of tumor processes, but their functional state cannot be estimated. This method is prescribed for the study of blood vessels, chest, bone structures, hollow organs.
MRI, in comparison with CT, allows you to determine the condition of soft tissues, ligaments, tendons. Compared with the first method, it is safe, can be used in pregnant women, which is important.
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The appearance of the CT and MRI device is no different and is a movable table on which the patient is located, and a camera that reads information from different positions.
An MRI device can be open and closed. Open devices are more modern, the patient is delivered to the field of research, while remaining in the open space, which is convenient for people with a large body weight or for fear of enclosed spaces. However, at the same time, closed devices are more often used, since they have a power of more than 2 times higher than that of open systems.
If you suspect a disease of the organs in the pelvis, tomography is almost always prescribed. MRI of the small pelvis in women allows you to identify problems of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, rectum, bladder, and organs malesdirectory.com of the lymphatic system. Indications for the purpose of the study are traumatic lesions of the lumbar region with impaired organ function, with suspected tumors in the region, to assess the degree of organ damage in an existing tumor. In addition, MRT can show the presence of inflammatory processes in the organs listed above.
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What should be the preparation for MRI of the pelvis in women
Many are interested in the question of what is needed for research. Special preparation is not required for conducting pelvic MRI in women; usually, before starting the study, health workers themselves take into account the necessary factors and give the necessary recommendations.
But it is worth considering that the examination should be carried out on the corresponding day of the cycle (6-12 or in its second half). Research is prohibited during menstruation. For pelvic MRI in women, preparation should include nutritional adjustments the day before the examination. Excluded from the diet are products that can impair the visualization of organs such as cabbage, brown bread, dairy products, drinks with gas, etc. The day before, you need to take activated charcoal in the required dosage or another drug that reduces the level of gas in the intestines. Before the study, you must drink no-shpu or its analogues. An enema is indicated, but in practice it is simply enough to drink a laxative. Do not urinate a few hours before an MRI.
When the study is not conducted
Despite the fact that there are many diseases in women with pelvic MRI, there are a number of limitations in which the method cannot be applied. A relative contraindication is a first trimester pregnancy, a serious condition of the patient, the robert farah byl obvinen z dopingu side effects presence of advanced chronic heart failure.